1. Why professional recognition?
Skilled workers with a foreign professional or academic qualification have the legal right to have their qualifications compared and assessed with a German qualification. Degrees and qualifications are very important in the German job market. For some jobs, in so-called regulated professions, a certain qualification is mandatory. For other jobs (in non-regulated professions) the recognition of qualifications is not legally mandatory, but in many cases an advantage. Especially if you want a job that corresponds to the qualifications you have acquired, you should ensure that your professional qualifications are recognised. Otherwise it can happen to you that, despite good qualifications, you work in Germany in a job that is far below your professional competence.
Tip: Before you start the recognition process, you should seek advice from a body specialising in recognition. Often there are special features in the procedure or specific requirements which the Advice centres can point out to you. They accompany the procedures and can give valuable tips on financial support. you can find a qualified advice centre near you.
2. Recognition absolutely necessary - regulated professions
Recognition is mandatory for the regulated professions (regardless of the country of training). Examples of regulated professions are: Medical professions (except helper activities), lawyer, teacher, educator or engineer. You will find a list of all professions that are regulated in Germany .
The recognition process checks whether your professional qualifications are comparable to the German reference occupation. This is used to check equivalence. To do so, the responsible office will use your documents (e.g. on qualifications, exams, training content, etc.). Your professional experience also plays a role here.
The recognition procedures are carried out by various bodies in Germany that are responsible for the recognition of professional qualifications. Which profession it concerns is decisive. You can find out which office is responsible for you in the . The recognition finder can be called up in several languages.
Example: If you would like to know whether and where you can have your training as an educator recognised, enter your occupation in the . Here you will find the most important information about whether your profession is regulated or not, what requirements are placed on the profession in Germany and what training you must have completed. The recognition finder will also guide you to the office where you can apply for equivalence for your profession.
For an application for recognition (determination of equivalence) you do not need German citizenship and you do not need a place of residence in Germany. It is sufficient that you have a completed professional qualification from abroad and want to work in Germany.
Tip: Since 2016, EU citizens have had the opportunity to have the professions of pharmacists, nurses, physiotherapists, mountain guides and real estate agents digitally recognised. In the FAQs you can find out more about the European Professional Card.
3. Recognition for non-regulated professions
The non-regulated professions in Germany include all professions that are trained in the dual system (vocational school and on-the-job training). These are currently around 330 professions. For the non-regulated professions, formal recognition is not a mandatory requirement for entry into the job. You can apply directly to an employer as a plumber, car mechanic or industrial clerk.
But even if you can start the job directly with a non-regulated profession, your training can be recognised. After all, a qualification that is recognised as equivalent makes it easier for you to find employment that matches your qualifications. You also have quicker access to further training.
4. What applies to school certificates and university degrees?
The certificate recognition offices of the Federal States decide on equivalence with a German school leaving certificate for professional purposes, which you can access via the . The are usually responsible for the recognition of school qualifications for the purpose of university admission.
If you have a university degree abroad, you can have your certificate assessed by the Central Office for Foreign Education (ZAB) and receive an assessment of which German university degree your degree is comparable to. This not only enables you to get into the job significantly faster, but also according to your qualifications. The university to which you want to apply is usually responsible for the recognition of study and examination achievements. An exception to this are courses of study that are completed with a State examination and are recognised by the respective examination offices in the Federal States. They will evaluate for you the level at which you can continue your studies in Germany.
A first point of contact for you are the student secretariats of the universities as well as the German Academic Exchange Service , which also provides advice on master and doctoral studies. You can find detailed information on the respective recognition procedures in the academic and school sector
5. Advice and information portals
The Internet portal “Recognition in Germany”, the database anabin and the BQ portal are among the three central Internet portals that provide information on the subject of recognition of foreign professional qualifications/degrees.
Please note: The portals are often also available in several languages. Please check that you can find out the most important information in your native language.
Recognition in Germany
The portal provides a compact overview of the various procedures for professional recognition and the responsible authorities. Recognition in Germany has an online tool, the “ which guides you step by step through the recognition process. In addition, you will find comprehensive information on the various educational pathways - school, job, training and university - as well as on job search and the various advisory services.
Tip: The “Working and Living in Germany” carries out an initial telephone consultation on the subject of recognition. The hotline offers comprehensive advice in German and English on the subjects of “job search and work”, “recognition of foreign professional qualifications”, “entry and residence” and “learning German”. The hotline can be reached Monday to Friday from 9:00 to 15:00 under the number: +49 30 1815 - 1111.
Tip: You can also take advantage of advice on recognition abroad. The project currently advises specialists on recognition in 10 countries. In the European Union, advice centres have been set up in Poland and Italy. Advice is based at the German chambers of commerce abroad.
The database provides information on evaluating foreign educational qualifications and supports authorities, employers and you as an employee in classifying your qualifications obtained abroad within the German education system.
The information portal for foreign professional qualifications () of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy gathers all relevant information on foreign professional qualifications and vocational training systems on one platform. It offers chambers and companies a comprehensive knowledge platform. The portal also offers comprehensive information on the process and the conditions of the recognition procedure in Germany.